Planning a Great Garden
Are you determined to see your thumb turn green this year?
Do not worry, because as my mother said so well:
“Any groundwork builders can do it.” He can grow heritage tomatoes, Montreal melons and shovel herbs, literally!
The first step is to define the type of garden you want and find the seeds that will grow according to the type of garden chosen. Do you want to grow some herbs on a balcony? You think to opt for self-irritant planters? Do you think big and want to have a huge garden in your backyard and a carp pond? Read on and you’ll find a lot of useful tips!
1. Where to plant
These small wonders tolerate the greediest seeds that are just a mouthful of nutrients in the soil such as tomato seeds, peppers and squash. In addition, you can add companion plants (see below) such as basil. Self-irrigating planters simply have a water tank at the bottom of the container. Since the roots are soaked in water and can absorb the water in the garden, it is sufficient to water the contents of the planter once a week or every two weeks, depending on the temperature.
Where to find it: Make your own self-irrigating planters by following the instructions on this site or purchase prefabricated planters. Look for local organizations that offer workshops or sell gardeners at a discount to support food sovereignty.
You see what parsley overflowing beyond the railing of the apartment of the 2 e floor? You can buy this type of planter with or without seedling. Hang them on your balcony or fix them to the sunny spot of your choice, making sure they cannot be blown away. Then, water as needed, when the soil is dry to the touch.
Where to find it: In markets or in any good garden center. If you opt for a planter that already contains seedlings, check if they come from organic seed. And for those who are worried about watering, there are even self-irrigating window planters.
Virtually anything can be used as a planter, from the trash bin to the storage bin. Obviously, if these basic planters are not as practical as those self-irrigating because they do not have a water tank from which the plants can feed, they are nevertheless the easiest to install!
Where to find it: In markets and garden centers. Here are some great looking models and some, say … simpler than you can make yourself (a strainer, rain boots, an old tire, everything can become a gardener!).
If you opt for a real vegetable garden, you will have a little more work to do. First, you must analyze your soil to make sure it is not contaminated ( US source or Canadian source). Then you have to dig your garden, then fill it with compost and garden soil according to the nutrients that are missing from the original soil. You may need to protect your vegetable garden by installing a fence or raised curb. A vegetable garden is an investment, but this investment can pay you big because it is the world of gardening that opens to you! With a space bathed in sunlight, you can grow virtually anything, including grains, papaya, cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, root vegetables, persimmon, mini kiwi, as well as than fruit and nut trees.
Community Gardens and Community Gardens
Stow your shovels; we will not have to dig your garden into the sweat of your forehead! With a little luck, all you have to do is add a few bags of compost and soil to add nutrients, and then you have the freedom to plant what sings! Keep in mind, however, that some plants are forbidden. For example, in my plot, I do not have the right to plant squash, amaranth or sunflowers, because their seeds as plentiful as undesirable will spread in the neighboring parcels. And if I choose plants from the mint family, I will have to pull out tenacious and curious roots that steal precious nutrients and water from my other plants.
There is a difference between the community garden and the collective garden. In a community garden, you have your own plot while in a collective garden, there is only one large plot where many gardeners share the tasks, but also the crops. Generally, tasks are assigned by teams, so this is a perfect solution for beginners who want to learn how to garden.
Where to find it: Contact your municipality or local community organizations to be on a waiting list.
2. What to plant?
People are easily offended when it comes to the famous hardiness zones. If you are not the type to burst into tears upon learning that you will not be able to grow peaches on the balcony of your Winnipeg apartment, then you and your garden should live in harmony. Just pick a place:
Sunny enough – To grow tomatoes, squash or peppers, your plants must have 8 hours of direct sunlight, but this number is lower if you grow green vegetables such as Swiss chard, rocket or lettuce – here is a practical site for what is grown in the shade. For more tips, check out this site.
Easy access – If you have to climb a ladder risking your life just to water your Arctic kiwifruit plant, I feel like it will not live long. To learn more about Arctic kiwifruit and other interesting fruits growing on the prairies and colder climates, visit Alberta Home Gardening.
And if you really want to grow peach at home, here’s a map of Canada’s hardiness zones. It will tell you where to move to achieve your dream … By determining the hardiness zone of your area and comparing it with the hardiness of the plant you want to grow, you will know if your project is realistic or doomed to failure. For example, the peach tree can survive year-round in zones 4 to 8 but reaches its full potential in zones 6 and 7 which are warmer.
These warmer areas also benefit from a longer growing season than other areas. However, fruits and vegetables that are ripening is long really needed these extra weeks of heat to be able to reach full maturity. However, do not believe that you cannot grow peas, for example. Simply, choose your varieties of plants with care, because some are more heat-resistant and others colder. Here is a guide indicating which plants grow in each of the hardiness zones.
Heritage or traditional seeds do not contain GMOs and preserve genetic diversity ( EcoWatch gives other excellent reasons to grow these traditional seeds ). Thus, if a disease attacked bananas, for example, and there was only one variety of this fruit, we would have a big problem! But that cannot happen … at least not twice … That’s why you should go for tomatoes, beans, melons, peppers and peas with the zaniest names possible! You’ll find incredible seeds from organizations like The Co-op Sunflower. Have you ever heard of Sweet Dakota Rose watermelon, Carrot Bomb hot peppers, ground almonds or Kiwano melon? No? Well now!
Most common plants
Garden grown fruits and veg are among the most popular plants. In addition, most varieties of peas and beans require a trellis or other element on which to climb. If you have a large number of tutors, you will need them for your tomatoes, they can do the trick. But do not forget that it’s not because you have a vegetable garden that you cannot grow flowers. Some of them repel unwanted organisms and attract pollinators.
Choose seeds that go well together, such as tomatoes and basil or carrots and chives. They will repel unwanted organisms and enrich the soil.
If you are a lazy gardener (or plan to be), choose perennials instead of annuals. Lemon sorrel, raspberries and rhubarb grow back year after year and require very little work.
All the plants of the mint family will invade your garden. Grow them in pots! In this way, their roots will not stifle your beautiful zucchini.
If you are short of space or if your garden is shallow, avoid root vegetables. Opt for green vegetables and herbs that grow in abundance and can be planted in tight rows.